Foreign Trips of Presidents Ramos to Duterte

President Ramos’ Foreign Trips
(June 1992 to May 1993)

Country

Date

Purpose

Benefits

Brunei

Oct. 4-6

Official Visit

 

Thailand

Dec. 17-20

Official Visit

Strengthen bilateral relations with an emphasis on bilateral trade and investments

Malaysia

Jan. 27-30

State Visit

Both parties agreed to set up a consulate in Sabah and Davao

Singapore

Feb. 11-13

State Visit

 

Japan

Mar. 9-13

State Visit

Improve relations between the Philippines and Japan

China

Apr. 25-May 1

State Visit

Agreement to extend $25 million credit to Manila for hydroelectric power development in the electricity-short nation
Agreement that 90,000 Filipino workers in Hong Kong could continue to work in the colony after it reverts to Chinese rule in 1997

Hong Kong

Apr. 25-May 1

State Visit

Agreement that 90,000 Filipino workers in Hong Kong could continue to work in the colony after it reverts to Chinese rule in 1997

Korea

May 23-26

State Visit

Six major economic and political accords
Equivalent of $450 million in new joint venture agreements, including a cement plant, auto assembly plant and polypropylene plant
Signed an extradition treaty and a preliminary investment guarantee

Indonesia

Sept. 20-24

State Visit

 

USA

Nov. 10-24

Official Visit/APEC Summit

Air cargo giant Federal Express Corp. has signed an agreement to set up an Asian hub at the former U.S. Subic Bay Naval Base where it hopes to begin operations within 18 months
Set up a center in Manila for resolving disputes arising from commercial transactions which will be jointly developed and operated by the International Centers for Arbitration, a Houston-based non-profit organization and the World Jurist Association, based in Washington, D.C.
Atlantic Richfield Co. said Thursday it has signed a letter of intent with a group of companies in the Philippines to conduct offshore exploration operations. The deal was signed with a group of companies, represented by Basic Petroleum and Minerals Inc. and Philodrill Corp., and ARCO's subsidiary, ARCO Philippines
Overall, President Fidel Ramos returned with about $3 billion in possible investments for the island nation

Vietnam

Mar. 28-30, 1994

Official Visit

 

President Estrada’s Foreign Trips
(June 30, 1998 to May 1999)

Country

Date

Purpose

Benefits

Singapore

Oct. 11-14

State Visit

 

Indonesia

Oct. 11-14

Official Visit

 

Malaysia

Nov. 16-19

APEC Meeting

 

Vietnam

Dec. 14-18

State Visit/ASEAN Summit

 

Thailand

Dec. 18-20

Official Visit

Strengthen diplomatic relations between the Philippines and Thailand

Signed the ff:
Supplemental Agreement to the Existing Bilateral Tourism Cooperation
Cooperation Agreement on the Prevention and Fight Against Criminal Activities.

Hong Kong

May 16-19

Working Visit

 

President Arroyo’s Foreign Trips
(January 20, 2001 to May 2002)

Countries

Date

Purpose

Benefits

Malaysia

Aug. 7 - 9

State Visit

Renew bilateral ties emphasizing initiatives that would lead to greater peace and development in the Philippines.

Brunei

Aug. 22 - 24

State Visit

Signing of Memorandum of Understanding on Defense Cooperation

Singapore

Aug. 24 - 26

State Visit

Renew bilateral ties emphasizing initiatives that would lead to greater peace and development in the Philippines.

Japan

Sept. 12 -15

Working Visit

 

China

Oct. 19 - 22

For APEC Leaders Meeting Summit

Prior to the trip to China , GMA expressed her intention to forge a closer relationship with them particularly on transnational crime and extradition. Thus, it could be inferred that the Memorandum of Agreements signed on October 29 and 39, 2001 is a cumulative result from their efforts in China as well as in Hongkong.

Hongkong

Oct. 28 - 29

Official Visit

Signed on October 29, 2001. Signed on An Undertaking concerning the Recognition of Training and Certification of Seafarers for Service on Hong Kong Registered Ships between the Department of Labor and Employment of the Republic of the Philippines and Marine Department of the HSAR of PRC

China

Oct. 29-31

State Visit

Signed on October 30, 2001. Memorandum of Understanding on Cooperation in Combating Transnational Crime.

Signed on October 30, 2001. Treaty on Extradition.

Signed on October 30, 2001. Memorandum of Understanding on Cooperation against Illicit Traffic and Abuse of Narcotic Drugs, Psychotropic Substances and Precursor Chemicals.

Brunei

Nov. 4 – 6

For ASEAN Summit

Renew bilateral ties emphasizing initiatives that would lead to greater peace and development in the Philippines.

Indonesia

Nov. 12-13

State Visit

Agreement signed between the government and private sector of the Philippines and Indonesia on fisheries, energy and trade. Particularly, an agreement on fisheries cooperation was signed.

There was also an agreement to continue talks on maritime boundary delimitation.

There was also an agreement to supply coal from Indonesia to Philippine power plants at preferential prices.

An agreement was reached to pursue a plurilateral agreement against transnational crimes including terrorism, involving the Philippines, Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand and Singapore.

Designation of Chief-of-Staff of the Armed Forces of Indonesia as the Indonesian counterpart that would resolve arms trafficking.

Expression of full support for the revitalization of BIMP-EAGA and adoption of measures that will facilitate the freer mobility of people, goods and services in the east ASEAN corridor.

Resumption of Sea transport between General Santos City in Mindanao and Bitung in Sulawesi.

USA

Nov. 15-20

Working Visit

 

Mexico

Nov. 21

For Christian Democrats Meeting Summit

 

UK

Jan. 28 - 29

Official Visit

Gathered support for her government's anti-poverty and anti-crime programs.

Sought Prime Minister’s Blair assistance for the British police to help train Filipino police to fight organized crime.

Canada

Jan. 29

Working Visit

Signing of six government-to- government agreements.

Strengthen investment and trade. Intended to improve the bilateral trade and friendly relations between the Philippines and Canada and to secure official development assistance from the Canadian International Development Agency.

USA

Feb.

Working Visit

Was set to power-sector privatization

Malaysia

May. 7

Official Visit
Keynote PBEC

Signed the trilateral agreement between Malaysia, Indonesia and the Philippines on information exchange and communication procedures.

 

Thailand

May. 7

Official Visit

 

Japan

May 20 - 24

Working Visit

Proposed that a working group study the possibility of forging a Japan-Philippines Economic Partnership (JPEPA) which may include elements of a free trade agreement (FTA).

 

 

Benigno Aquino III
(June 30, 2010 to May 2011)

Country

Date

Purpose

Benefits

USA

Sept. 20-26

UN General Assembly

Received the US$434-million grant from the Millennium Challenge Corporation which will be used to fund projects of the Bureau of Internal Revenue, the Department of Social Work and Development and for highway repairs in Samar province
US$2.4 billion worth of new investments were secured. Among the business firms that have committed to make new investments are: Coca-Cola, Pfizer, AES Corp., Hewlett-Packard, J.P. Morgan Chase, Global Services Inc., Century Properties, and General Electric

Vietnam

Oct. 26-30

State Visit

Signed four memorandum of agreement on four areas of cooperation, namely, higher education, defense, oil spill preparedness and response, and search and rescue at sea. (not sure about the source: http://www.newsflash.org/2004/02/hl/hl113364.htm)

Japan

Nov. 12-14

APEC Economic Leader’s Summit

The Philippine government has secured $2.85 billion worth of potential investments from Japan

Indonesia

Mar. 7-9

State Visit

Agreed to sign a memorandum of understanding to boost cooperation in security, defense, boundary delimitation, protection of migrant workers, education and sports

Singapore

Mar. 9-11

State Visit

reaffirmed the warm and long-standing bilateral ties between Singapore and the Philippines

Indonesia

May 7-8

ASEAN Summit

 

Thailand

May 26-27

Official Visit

 

President Duterte’s Foreign Trips
(June 2016 - May 2017)

Countries

Date

Purpose

Benefits

Lao PDR

Sept. 5-8

Working Visit

Finalization of two agreements on basic and higher education cooperation.

Expression of intent to strengthen its economic ties with Laos and enhance the relations including in the areas of education and trade and investments. The President also expressed his interest to send a trade and investment delegation to Laos to look into business opportunities.

Indonesia

Sept. 8-10

State Visit

Signed the Joint Declaration on Maritime Security and Law Enforcement.

A potential bilateral maritime cooperation was explored including cooperation in human resource development, fisheries and aquatic resources, and shipbuilding.

The two leaders stressed their commitment to a drug-free ASEAN Community.

Both sides discussed ways to boost air and sea connectivity and trade and people-to-people exchanges.

Vietnam

Sept. 23-29

Official Visit

Agreed on the ff:

To increase the exchange of high-level and other visits as well as people-to-people exchanges, uphold established bilateral cooperation mechanisms, and effectively implement the agreements signed between two countries, especially the 9th Joint Commission on Bilateral Cooperation at Foreign Minister level to be held in the Philippines in 2017;

To establish a six-year Action Plan (2017-2022) to guide the
implementation of activities in the areas of common interest under this
new level of relations;

To strengthen existing maritime cooperation mechanisms such as the hotline communication mechanism between coast guard authorities of both countries, as well as to adopt other measures to ensure the safety and security of fishermen from both countries as well as to solve amicably the unexpected incidents at sea;

To explore ways to intensify law enforcement cooperation against transnational crime, including the illicit trade and trafficking of drugs in the region, and called on concerned officials to build on each other’s expertise and experience, specifically through more intelligence exchange activities;

Agreed to effectively implement the cooperation mechanism and commitments to further promote maritime and oceanic cooperation, especially the Joint Commission on Maritime and Oceanic Affairs at Deputy Foreign Minister level and Legal Expert Working Group on Maritime Cooperation;

Agreed to continue cooperation on fisheries as proposed at the Joint Working Group and implement the MOU on Fisheries Cooperation signed in 2010; consider signing of Mutual Recognition Agreement on quality control and management and safety of agricultural and fishery products; and Memorandum of Understanding on Education Cooperation.

Welcomed the recent adoption of a cultural exchange program between the Ministry of Culture, Sports and Tourism and the National Commission on Culture and the Arts.

Brunei Darrusalam

Oct. 16-18

State Visit

Both leaders agreed to establish Brunei and Mindanao as the twin hubs for the production and export of halal-certified products. Brunei committed to help develop Mindanao halal industry, especially in certification and in capacity-building.

Both also agreed to address connectivity issues through increased air and sea linkages to facilitate trade and commerce.

Both also agreed to fully cooperate to combat the illegal drugs trade and collaborate on maritime and defense issues, particularly in addressing transnational crimes, piracy and crimes at sea, and to immediately work together to transform these agenda into specific plans and actions.
Agreement to bolster trade and investments through the BIMP-EAGA

China

Oct. 18-21

State Visit

9 Billion USD committed in Official Development Assistance (ODA) and Commercial Loans.

15 Billion USD worth of investment and joint ventures with Chinese companies.

 

20 Agreements worth 4 Billion PHP which would create 100,000 jobs in the next few years.

Other Details:
$15-million grant for anti-illegal drugs projects and law enforcement security cooperation, per Agreement on Economic and Technical Cooperation

Memorandum of Understanding worth $100 million among the Philippine State Group of Companies, Yangtse Motor Group Ltd., and Minmetals International (HK) Ltd.

Memorandum of Understanding between the Philippine Department of Tourism and China National Tourism Administration

Resumption of bilateral talks on the West Philippine Sea

Japan

Oct. 25-28

Official Visit

9 Billion USD committed in ODA and commercial loans.

1.85 Billion in investment commitment which would 250,000 jobs in the next few years.

Other Details:
$157-million loan to boost maritime security (e.g., acquisition of patrol cars)

$47-million loan for agribusiness projects in ARMM

Around $1 billion worth of investment commitments in agriculture, including a biomass project and exportation of bananas, pineapples, and avocados
Almost $1 billion investment commitments for other sectors and industries, like automotive, optical imagery, and biofuel fields

TC-90 trainer aircraft
High-speed small vessels and other equipment to up the country’s counter-terrorism efforts

Thailand

Nov. 9

Official Visit

 

Malaysia

Nov. 9-10

Official Visit

Philippines-Malaysia partnership to ensure maritime security in the region.

Peru

Nov. 19-20

For APEC Summit

Bilateral Meetings at the Summit

China
The meeting with Xi cements the understanding on the mutual use of Panatag Shoal reached during President Duterte’s state visit to Beijing. Consequently, fishermen will have free access to the shoal and China would offer them training in fish culture among others, to help sustain their livelihood and families.
Russia –
The meeting with Russia opened the door for the sale of Philippine agricultural produce.
Incidentally, Russia, China and Vietnam invited observers to view their climate mitigation technology.

New Zealand

Nov. 21-23

For APEC Summit

Concluded an agreement to further enhance bilateral cooperation, trade and investment particularly on the dairy industry, people-to-people ties, and high-level exchanges between their two countries.

Cambodia

Dec. 13-17

State Visit

Four agreements were concluded:
Memorandum of Understanding on Cooperation in Combating Transnational Crime (involving the Philippine National Police and Cambodian National Police)
Memorandum of Agreement on Cooperation in the Field of Labor
Memorandum of Agreement on Sports Cooperation (involving the Philippine Sports Commission and Cambodia's Ministry of Education, Youth and Sport)
Implementation Program of Tourism Cooperation 2016-2020 (involving the Philippines' Department of Tourism and Cambodia’s Ministry of Tourism)

Singapore

Dec. 13-17

State Visit

Two-way trade and investments

Myanmar

Mar. 19-23

Official Visit

Inking of a Memorandum of Understanding on Food Security and Agricultural Cooperation between the agriculture ministries of both countries

Thailand

Mar. 19-23

Official Visit

Signing of three important documents: the Agreement in the Field of Science and Technology, Implementing Agreement on Specific Areas of Cooperation on Swamp and Dairy Buffalo Production, and the Implementing Program on Tourism Cooperation in 2017-2022

Brought home USD 2 billion of investments from Charoen Pokphand (CP) Group officials alone who agreed to expand business in the country within the next five years

Saudi Arabia

Apr. 10-17

State Visit

Signing of three Agreements on Political Consultations, Diplomatic Academies and Labor

Brought home stranded OFWs

Seven business deals worth $470 million were signed. The projects are in the fields of pharmaceutics, property development, medical tourism, ports and warehouses, fine dining chains, agri-industrial economic zones, and Halal food processing zones.

Bahrain

Apr. 10-17

State Visit

Signed the ff:
Memorandum of Understanding on the establishment of a Joint High Commission on Bilateral Cooperation between the Kingdom of Bahrain and the Republic of the Philippines
Memorandum of Understanding on cooperation between the Diplomatic Institute of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Kingdom of Bahrain and the Foreign Service Institute of the Philippine Department of Foreign Affairs
A protocol on amending articles of the agreement between Bahrain and the Philippines on the Avoidance of Double Taxation
A draft protocol on the agreement on regulating air transport services between Bahrain and the Philippines

A $250 million business agreement was also signed in the presence of the two leaders – the expansion of agricultural operations between AMA Group Holdings Corporation and Nader & Ebrahim Sons of Hassan Company WLL (NEH).

Qatar

Apr. 10-17

State Visit

13 business-to-business agreements signed in Qatar cost $206 million and are expected to create 6,000 jobs

Agreements signed involved matters on culture, investment, technical education cooperation, and health.

Cambodia

May 10-11

For World Economic Forum

 

Hongkong

May 11-13

Working Visit

 

China

May 11-15

For Belt & Road Forum

Some of the major agreements signed are economic and trade cooperation between China and governments of 30 countries including the Philippines

The Export-Import Bank of China has signed Strategic Cooperation Framework Agreement regarding lines of credit with the Philippines’ Metropolitan Bank and Trust Company

China Development Bank will conduct financing and bond underwriting cooperation with various foreign banks, including Metrobank of the Philippines

Russia

May 22-23

Official Visit

10 Agreements were signed:
Agreement on Defense Cooperation
Tourism Joint Action Program 2017-2019
Memorandum of Understanding on Agriculture Cooperation
Agreement on Cooperation on Transportation
Protocol on Cooperation between the National Commission for Culture and the Arts of the Philippines and the Ministry of Culture for the Russian Federation
Memorandum of Intent between Philippines' Department of Trade and Industry and Russia's Ministry of Economic Development
Memorandum of Understanding on Cooperation in Industry Development
Memorandum of Agreement between the Department of Science and Technology of the Philippines and the State Atomic Energy Corporation (ROSATOM) on the Use of Nuclear Energy for Peaceful Purposes
Agreement on Exchange of intelligence information
Plan of Consultations between the Philippines' Department of Foreign Affairs and Russia's Ministry of Foreign Affairs

$875 million worth of trade have been agreed upon by Filipino and Russian firms since the start of Duterte’s visit which was originally scheduled for four days

 

Ramos, Fidel, Toward Philippines 2000: A Resurgence of Optimism and Growth, (Manila: 1994)

Quezon, M. L., III. (2013, March 2). North Borneo (Sabah): An annotated timeline 1640s-present. Retrieved June 19, 2017, from http://globalnation.inquirer.net/66281/north-borneo-sabah-an-annotated-timeline-1640s-present

Official Gazette. (n.d.). Diplomatic relations between the Philippines and Japan | GOVPH. Retrieved June 19, 2017, from http://www.officialgazette.gov.ph/diplomatic-relations/ph-jp/

Ramos says China trip a success. (1993, April 30). Retrieved June 19, 2017, from http://www.upi.com/Archives/1993/04/30/Ramos-says-China-trip-a-success/8931736142400/

Ibid.

Ibid.

Ramos returns from trip to South Korea, calls visit success. (1993, May 26). Retrieved June 19, 2017, from http://www.upi.com/Archives/1993/05/26/Ramos-returns-from-trip-to-South-Korea-calls-visit-success/1305738388800/

Ibid.

Ibid.

Fedex to set up Asian hub at Philippines' Subic Bay. (1993, November 16). Retrieved June 19, 2017, from http://www.upi.com/Archives/1993/11/16/Fedex-to-set-up-Asian-hub-at-Philippines-Subic-Bay/7981753426000/

Philippines to set up arbitration center in Manila. (1993, November 18). Retrieved June 19, 2017, from http://www.upi.com/Archives/1993/11/18/Philippines-to-set-up-arbitration-center-in-Manila/5644753598800/

ARCO signs deal for Philippine exploration. (1993, November 18). Retrieved June 19, 2017, from http://www.upi.com/Archives/1993/11/18/ARCO-signs-deal-for-Philippine-exploration/3021753598800/

Ramos returns to Philippines after 14-day U.S. visit. (1993, November 24). Retrieved June 19, 2017, from http://www.upi.com/Archives/1993/11/24/Ramos-returns-to-Philippines-after-14-day-US-visit/8025754117200/

Estrada, Joseph, Moving Forward the Filipino Nation in the New Millennium: President Joseph Ejercito Estrada’s One-and-a-half Year Report to the Filipino Nation, (Manila: Bureau of Communications Services, 1999)

OVERVIEW OF PHILIPPINES AND THAILAND RELATIONS. (n.d.). Retrieved June 19, 2017, from http://bangkokpe.dfa.gov.ph/about-us/overview-of-phils-and-thailand-realations

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http://www.officialgazette.gov.ph/2001/11/13/statement-president-arroyo-on-her-arrival-from-indonesia-november-13-2001/

http://www.newsflash.org/2001/10/pe/pe002061.htm

http://www.officialgazette.gov.ph/2001/11/13/statement-president-arroyo-on-her-arrival-from-indonesia-november-13-2001/

http://www.officialgazette.gov.ph/2001/11/13/statement-president-arroyo-on-her-arrival-from-indonesia-november-13-2001/

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Xiangzhang, Y. (2011). Philippine President Aquino in Singapore for state visit. Retrieved 21 March 2013, from http://news.xinhuanet.com/english2010/world/2011-03/10/c_13771479.htm

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